Fred Zinnemann

Alfred Fred Zinnemann was an Austrianborn American film director. He won four Academy Awards for directing films in various genres, including thrillers, westerns, film noir and play adaptations. He madefeature films during his 50year career.

In Austria, discrimination had been part of life since time immemorial. It was always there, oppressive, often snide, sometimes hostile, seldom violent. It was in the air and one sensed it at all levels, in school, at work and in society. A Jew was an outsider, a threat to the countrys culture. Born in Austria, and raised as an Austrian, he would still never truly belong.

Source: Wikipedia